Main Article Content
Abduction, a mode of reasoning identified by Charles Sanders Peirce, informs theories of clinical decision-making, but its existing applications to the medical sciences have remained narrow. Building from existing research in the context of patient noncompliance and clinical inertia, this paper advocates a broader understanding of abductive reasoning rooted within the nature of language itself. An example of such a reading of abduction is the theory of triadic communication articulated by American doctor-turned-novelist Walker Percy. Percy’s scholarship offers an impetus to examine noncompliance, inertia, and other loci of uncertainty as opportunities for learning, growth, and development of RHM perspectives.
Aliseda, Atocha. (2006). Abductive reasoning: Logical investigations into discovery and explanation. Springer.
Anderson, Douglas R. (1986). The evolution of Peirce’s concept of abduction. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 22(2), 145–164.
Aristotle. (1984). The rhetoric and poetics of Aristotle (W. Rhys Roberts & Ingram Bywater, Trans.). Modern Library. (Original works published ca. 350 & 330 B.C.E.)
Arnett, Ronald C., & Arneson, Pat. (1999). Dialogic civility in a cynical age: Community, hope, and interpersonal relationships. State University of New York Press.
Bergman, Mats. (2009). Experience, purpose, and the value of vagueness: On C. S. Peirce’s contribution to the philosophy of communication. Communication Theory, 19(3), 248–277.
Bonanno, Justin. (2020). Communication in the ruins: Walker Percy and the art of symbolic mediation [Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University]. https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/1906/
Bybee, Michael D. (1991). Abduction and rhetorical theory. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 24(4), 281–300.
Bybee, Michael D. (1993). Logic in rhetoric—and vice versa. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 26(3), 169–190.
Bybee, Michael D. (1994). Quantitative and qualitative abductive inquiry. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 27(4), 415–417.
Campos, Daniel G. (2011). On the distinction between Peirce’s abduction and Lipton’s inference to the best explanation. Synthese, 180, 419–442.
Catt, Isaac E. (2016). Communicology and the worldview of antidepressant medicine. American Journal of Semiotics, 28(1–2), 81–103.
Catt, Isaac E. (2017). Embodiment in the semiotic matrix: Communicology in Peirce, Dewey, Bateson, and Bourdieu. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
Domino, Brian. (1994). Two models of abductive inquiry. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 27(1), 63–65.
Fisher, Walter R. (1987). Technical logic, rhetorical logic, and narrative rationality. Argumentation, 1(1), 3–21.
Goel, Ashok K., & Ramanujam, Jagannathan. (1996). A neural architecture for a class of abduction problems. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—Part B: Cybernetics, 26(6), 854–860.
Gooding, David. (1996). Creative rationality: Towards an abductive model of scientific change. Philosophica, 58(2), 73–102.
Groopman, Jerome. (2007). How doctors think. Houghton Mifflin Co.
Guagnano, Giacinto D. (2017). The transformations of abduction: From the inferential model to the logic of relatives. Semiotica, 2017(215), 255–268.
Harman, Gilbert H. (1965). The inference to the best explanation. Philosophical Review, 74(1), 88–95.
Hintikka, Jaakko. (1998). What is abduction? The fundamental problem of contemporary epistemology. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 34(3), 503–33.
Jamieson, Patrick W. (1990). A new paradigm for explaining and linking knowledge in diagnostic problem solving. Journal of Clinical Engineering, 15(5), 371–380.
Jenicek, Milos, & Hitchcock, David L. (2005). Evidence-based practice: Logic and critical thinking in medicine. AMA Press.
Johnson, Nathan R. (2018). Infrastructural methodology: A case in protein as public health. In Lisa Melonçon & J. Blake Scott (Eds.), Methodologies for the rhetoric of health & medicine (pp. 61–78). Routledge.
Josephson, John R., & Josephson, Susan G. (1994). Abductive inference: Computation, philosophy, technology. Cambridge University Press.
Kuhn, Thomas. (1996). The structure of scientific revolutions (3rd ed.). University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1962)
Lawrence, Heidi Y., Hausman, Bernice L., & Dannenberg, Clare J. (2014). Reframing medicine’s publics: The local as a public of vaccine refusal. Journal of Medical Humanities, 35(2), 111–129.
Lawton, Rebecca, Taylor, Natalie, Clay-Williams, Robyn, & Braithwaite, Jeffrey. (2014). Positive deviance: A different approach to achieving patient safety. BMJ Quality & Safety, 23(11), 880–883.
Levin, Susan B. (2017). The future of knowing and values: Information technologies and Plato’s critique of rhetoric. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 50(2), 153–177.
Lucas, Peter. (2003). Quality checking of medical guidelines through logical abduction. In Frans Coenen, Alun Preece, & Ann L. Mackintosh (Eds.), Proceedings of AI-2003 (Research and developments in intelligent systems XX) (pp. 309–321). Springer.
Magnani, Lorenzo. (1992). Abductive reasoning: Philosophical and educational perspectives in medicine. In David A. Evans and Vimla L. Patel (Eds.), Advanced models of cognition for medical training and practice (pp. 21–41). Springer.
Malkowski, Jennifer A., Scott, J. Blake, & Keränen, Lisa. (2016). Rhetorical approaches to health and medicine. In Jon F. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of communication (pp. 1–30). Oxford University Press.
Marsh, Leslie. (Ed.). (2018). Walker Percy, philosopher. Palgrave Macmillan.
Melonçon, Lisa, & Scott, J. Blake. (Eds.). (2018). Methodologies for the rhetoric of health & medicine. Routledge.
Montgomery, Kathryn. (2006). How doctors think: Clinical judgment and the practice of medicine. Oxford University Press.
Nessa, John. (1996). About signs and symptoms: Can semiotics expand the view of clinical medicine? Theoretical Medicine, 17, 363–377.
Niño, Douglas. (2001). Peirce, abducción y práctica médica. Anuario Filosófico, 34(1), 57–74.
Nubiola, Jaime. (2005). Abduction or the logic of surprise. Semiotica, 153(1/4), 117–130.
Nubiola, Jaime. (2009). What reasonableness really is. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 45(2), 125–134.
Peirce, Charles Sanders. (1960). Collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce (8 vols.). Charles Hartshorne & Paul Weiss (Eds.). Harvard University Press.
Percy, Walker. (1975). The message in the bottle: How queer man is, how queer language is, and what one has to do with the other. Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Percy, Walker. (1991). Signposts in a strange land. Patrick Samway (Ed.). Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Percy, Walker. (2019). Symbol and existence: A study in meaning. Kenneth Laine Ketner, Karey Lea Perkins, Rhonda Reneé McDonnell, & Scott Ross Cunningham (Eds.). Mercer University Press.
Pople, Harry E., Jr. (1973, August 20–23). On the mechanization of abductive logic [Conference session]. Proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 147–152. https://www.ijcai.org/proceedings/1973
Queiroz, João, & Merrell, Floyd. (2005). Abduction: Between subjectivity and objectivity. Semiotica, 153(1/4), 1–7.
Reach, Gérard. (2016). Simplistic and complex thought in medicine: The rationale for a person-centered care model as a medical revolution. Patient Preference and Adherence, 10, 449–457.
Reggia, James A., Nau, Dana S., Wang, Pearl Y., & Peng, Yun. (1985). A formal model of diagnostic inference: II. Algorithmic solution and application. Information Sciences, 37(1–3), 257–285.
Reiter, Raymond. (1987). A theory of diagnosis from first principles. Artificial Intelligence, 32(1), 57–95.
Sabre, Ru Michael. (1990). Peirce’s abductive argument and the enthymeme. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 26(3), 363–371.
Sabre, Ru Michael. (1994). A note on inquiry, logic, and rhetoric. Philosophy & Rhetoric, 27(1), 66–69.
Samway, Patrick H. (Ed.). (1995). A thief of Peirce: The letters of Kenneth Laine Ketner and Walker Percy. University Press of Mississippi.
Scott, J. Blake, & Gouge, Catherine C. (2019). Theory building in the rhetoric of health and medicine. In Andrea Alden, Kendall Gerdes, Judy Holiday, & Ryan Skinnell (Eds.), Reinventing (with) theory in rhetoric and writing studies: Essays in honor of Sharon Crowley (pp. 181–195). Utah State University Press.
Scott, J. Blake, & Melonçon, Lisa. (2018). Manifesting methodologies for the rhetoric of health and medicine. In Lisa Melonçon & J. Blake Scott (Eds.), Methodologies for the rhetoric of health & medicine (pp. 1–23). Routledge.
Segal, Judy Z. (2009). Rhetoric of health and medicine. In Andrea A. Lunsford, Kirt H. Wilson, & Rosa A. Eberly (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of rhetorical studies (pp. 227–245). SAGE.
Smith, Brian A. (2017). Walker Percy and the politics of the wayfarer. Lexington Books.
Stoller, James K. (2018). On the paradox of “dichotomous” and “deficit-based” thinking in medicine. BMJ Leader, 2(3), 115–117.
Stolper, Erik, Van de Wiel, Margie, Van Royen, Paul, Van Bokhoven, Marloes, Van der Weijden, Trudy, & Dinant, Geert Jan. (2011). Gut feelings as a third track in general practitioners’ diagnostic reasoning. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(2), 197–203.
Thagard, Paul. (2007). Abductive inference: From philosophical analysis to neural mechanisms. In Aidan Feeney & Evan Heit (Eds.), Inductive reasoning: Experimental, developmental, and computational approaches (pp. 226–245). Cambridge University Press.
Treichler, Paula A. (1999). How to have theory in an epidemic: Cultural chronicles of AIDS. Duke University Press.
Upshur, Ross. (1997). Certainty, probability, and abduction: Why we should look to C. S. Peirce rather than Gödel for a theory of clinical reasoning. Journal of Evaluation in Critical Practice, 3(3), 201–206.
Walton, Douglas. (2004). Abductive reasoning. University of Alabama Press.
Watkins, Ali, & Rashbaum, William K. (2020, April 10). How many people have actually died from coronavirus in New York? New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/10/nyregion/new-york-coronavirus-death-count.html
Yu, Shiyang, & Zenker, Frank. (2018). Peirce knew why abduction isn’t IBE—a scheme and critical questions for abductive argument. Argumentation, 32, 569–587.