Published: 2018-01-29

Craniometric Variation in a Regional Sample from Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Implications for Forensic Work in the Americas

Kelly R. Kamnikar, Joseph T. Hefner, Timisay Monsalve, Liliana Maria Bernal Florez
Abstract

Population affinity estimation is frequently assessed from measurements of the cranium. Traditional models place individuals into discrete...

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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a Tool for Positive Identification from Frontal Sinus Radiographs

Jenna Watson
Abstract

Frontal sinus radiographs are frequently used to identify human remains. However, the method of visually comparing antemortem (AM) to postmortem...

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Evaluating Graduate Student Diversity in Forensic Anthropology

Elizabeth Erhart, Kate Spradley
Abstract

In this paper we explore why graduate programs with a focus in forensic anthropology typically lack racial and ethnic diversity. Specifically,...

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The (Mis)appropriation of Biological Anthropology in Race Science and the Implications for Forensic Anthropology

Donovan M. Adams, Marin A. Pilloud
Abstract

Most biological anthropologists acknowledge that phenotypic human variation is distinct from human race. However, there is the potential for the...

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The Role of Forensic Anthropologists at the Fatal Fire Recovery

A Retrospective Study of Cases from 1983–2020

Andrea Ost, Diana Messer, Dennis Dirkmaat
Abstract

A retrospective review of 1,760 forensic cases processed by Mercyhurst University personnel between 1983 and 2020
was performed for...

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On WEIRD Anthropologists and Their White Skeletons

Matthew C. Go, Nandar Yukyi, Elaine Y. Chu
Abstract

Most forensic anthropologists and the populations they study are WEIRD—that is, Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic. In...

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Testing the Homogeneity of “White”

Dental Morphology in Americans and Australians of European Descent

Heather Edgar, Stephen D. Ousley
Abstract

The purpose of estimating each part of the biological profile is to reduce the number of missing persons for comparison with unknown human...

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What Are We Really Estimating in Forensic Anthropological Practice, Population Affinity or Ancestry?

Kate Spradley, Richard L. Jantz
Abstract

While American forensic anthropologists often state that they estimate ancestry, is that what they are really estimating? Although typological...

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Childhood and Adulthood Residency Prediction Using Strontium (87Sr/86Sr) and Oxygen (δ18O) Isotopes for Unidentified Deceased Migrants Recovered in Southern Texas

Robyn T. Kramer, Eric J. Bartelink
Abstract

Strontium and oxygen isotope values are used in conjunction with a maximum likelihood assignment model to predict the childhood and adulthood...

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Self-Reported Ancestry and Craniofacial SNPs

Assessing Correspondence with Implications for Forensic Case Analysis and Reporting

Kamar Afra, Michelle D. Hamilton, Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt
Abstract

Genotype-phenotype studies increasingly link single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) to the dimensions of the face for presumed homogeneous...

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Diversity and Inclusion in Forensic Anthropology

Where We Stand and Prospects for the Future

Sean D. Tallman, Cate E. Bird
Abstract

Diversity and inclusion have proven vital for increasing innovation, success, and performance in a myriad of fields; however, as with many other...

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Ancestry Estimation in Practice

An Evaluation of Forensic Anthropology Reports in the United States

Hillary Parsons
Abstract

The medicolegal system relies on forensic anthropologists to construct accurate biological profiles from skeletal remains
to narrow the pool...

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Changing the Mentorship Paradigm

Survey Data and Interpretations from Forensic Anthropology Practitioners

Allysha Powanda Winburn, Sean D. Tallman, Audrey L. Scott, Cate E. Bird
Abstract

Mentorship can be defined as the person-to-person transmission of knowledge in a domain where one person has more experience than the other....

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Centering Transgender Individuals in Forensic Anthropology and Expanding Binary Sex Estimation in Casework and Research

Sean D. Tallman, Caroline D. Kincer, Eric D. Plemons
Abstract

Due to disproportionate violence impacting the transgender community, forensic anthropologists may encounter the remains of trans individuals;...

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Assumed Differences; Unquestioned Typologies

The Oversimplification of Race and Ancestry in Forensic Anthropology

Sean D. Tallman, Nicolette M. Parr, Allysha P. Winburn
Abstract

Forensic anthropologists traditionally estimate “race” or “ancestry” as part of the biological profile. While practitioners may have changed the...

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Analysis and Identification of Damages Caused by Canine (Canis lupus familiaris) Manipulation of Woven Textiles as Cultural Evidence in Forensic Cases

Gabriela Molina, Stefano De Luca, Fabiana Scarso
Abstract

Scavenging of human remains by dogs can make the process of identification and analysis of perimortem trauma difficult. Numerous scientific...

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Terminology Used to Describe Human Variation in Forensic Anthropology

Marin A. Pilloud, Cassie E. Skipper, SaMoura L. Horsley, Alba Craig, Krista Latham, Chaunesey M. J. Clemmons, Katie Zejdlik, Deborah A. Boehm, Casey S. Philbin
Abstract

To understand the implications of the forensic anthropological practice of “ancestry” estimation, we explore terminology that has been employed...

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Explanation of Ancestry Estimation in Forensic Anthropology Textbooks

Lessons for the Undergraduate Classroom

Amelia R. Hubbard
Abstract

The way we teach about race and racism can have profound impacts on undergraduate learners, both positive and negative. Textbooks represent a...

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A Forensic Anthropological Study of Human Remains Attributed to the Apostle James Alphaeus

Fernando Serrulla
Abstract

We present the forensic anthropological study of the relic of the skull of James Alphaeus, which was preserved in the Chapel of the Relics of...

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Steam Kettle Skeletal Preparation

An Efficient Method for Processing Human Remains

Kerianne Armelli, Erica R. Christensen, Carolyn Isaac, Jered Cornelison
Abstract

This paper presents methods for the disarticulation and steam kettle maceration of embalmed and non-embalmed decedents for forensic casework and...

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“Why Are There So Many Women in Forensic Anthropology?”

An Evaluation of Gendered Experiences in Forensic Anthropology

Marin A. Pilloud, Nicholas V. Passalacqua
Abstract

There is broad discussion of the higher numbers of women in the forensic sciences, particularly when compared to other science, technology,...

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The Morphology of Intersectionality

Discordance between Ancestry Estimates and Social Identifiers

Chaunesey Clemmons
Abstract

Forensic anthropologists operate within a medico-legal context, performing analyses to estimate a biological profile (ancestry, age, sex,...

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Ancestral Diversity in Skeletal Collections

Perspectives on African American Body Donation

Allysha P. Winburn, Antaya L. Jennings, Dawnie W. Steadman, Elizabeth A. DiGangi
Abstract

African Americans comprise approximately 13% of the U.S. population,  6% of missing persons, and 51% of homicide victims (Kochanek et al....

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Fractography of Bone Using Reconstructed Computed Tomography (CT) Scans

A Case Report Series

Angi M. Christensen, Summer J. Decker
Abstract

Fractography has been shown to be applicable to forensic assessments of skeletal trauma by observing the presence and orientation of fracture...

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